Iceland is an island republic with the oldest legislative parliament – established in the year 930 – still in existence. In 1980, Iceland was the first State in the world to elect, in a democratic election, a female president. Iceland is located in the North Atlantic Ocean, approximately 300 km east of Greenland and 1,000 km west of Norway.
Iceland covers 103,000 km2, extending 305 km from north to south and some 485 km from east to west. Iceland is the most sparsely populated country in Europe. It was not until 1974 that the so-called ‘ring road’ was completed, making it possible to drive around the island. Aviation has therefore played a very important role as a means of public transportation in the latter part of the 20th century.
Reykjavík is Iceland’s capital and largest city.