Latvia is a democratic parliamentary republic established in 1918 and a member state of the European Union. The country is situated in the Baltic region of Northern Europe and is one of three Baltic states, the two others beeing Estonia and Lithuania. Latvia is bordered by Estonia, Lihuania, Russia and Belarus and by a maritime border to the west with Sweden. The Latvian terriotory covers 64,589 km2 and has 1,997,500 inhabitans. The largest city and capital is Riga.